Jean Prouve, Maisons Coques, (1950-1952)

During the assembly work for the Mame Printing Works. Prouve made an observation that he later described as follows: “One beautiful day around lunchtime, I saw thirty workers taking a break. They were sitting and eating among the stored shed-roof elements – and they all told me the same thing: “We don’’t know why, but we feel at ease here.” This was the birth of the shell houses, or maisons coques, who’s prototype Prouve presented in Paris at the 1951 exhibition Arts Menagers. Basically, this construction principle entailed no more than creating a series of “shells” made of bent shed roof elements, which rest on facades or interior walls. Not much later, numerous variations on such “shell houses” were completed.



Inhabiting Infrastructures: Indian Stepwells | Socks Studio

The stepwells are generally storage and irrigation tanks in which sets of steps must be descended in order to reach for water and maintain the well itself. These structures are mostly common in western India and in arid regions of South Asia where they provide regular supply in regions affected by heavy seasonal fluctuations in water availability.

The stepwells, (the erliest date to 600 AD), essentially appear as infrastructural monuments for water collection, huge artifacts somewhere between landscape and architecture sunken in the earth. They are usually composed of two constant elements, a well and an access route: the well collects monsoon rain percolating through layers of fine silt (to filter particulates), eventually reaching a layer of impermeable clay. The second elements, the staircases, are descended to reach water and allow the use of the infrastructure. There are no two identical stepwells, as each one of them, – about 3000 were built -, reveals specific features in the shape and in the decorative motives; in some cases the stepwells host galleries and chambers around the well.